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What is Carbon Farming?

By June 14, 2019Latest News

Globally, the livestock industry is believed to contribute about 14 per cent of human-related greenhouse gas emissions.

Carbon Farming is simply farming in a way that reduces Greenhouse Gas emissions or captures and holds carbon in vegetation and soils. It is managing land, water, plants and animals to meet the Triple Challenge of Landscape Restoration, Climate Change and Food Security. It seeks to reduce emissions in its production processes, while increasing production and sequestering carbon in the landscape.

Carbon Farming can range from a single change in land management, such as introducing no-till cultivation or grazing management, to a whole-of-farm integrated plan which maximises carbon capture and emissions reduction. Carbon Farmers have many practices to choose from to develop their plan, including:

  • Maximum ground cover so no bare earth.
  • Grazing management.
  • No-till cropping.
  • Pasture cropping.
  • Mulching.
  • Green manure.
  • Stubble retention.
  • Cover cropping.
  • Exhaust injection.
  • Controlled traffic.
  • Natural fertilisers.
  • Soil inoculants (probiotics).
  • Soil stimulants.
  • Compost.
  • Compost teas.
  • Albrecht soil mineral balance.
  • Natural Sequence Farming.
  • Water spreading.
  • Keyline Planning.
  • Subsoil ploughing.
  • Permaculture.
  • Biodynamics.
  • Biochar.
  • Activated clays.
  • Agroforestry.
  • Dung Beetles.
  • Landsmanship.
  • Rumen inoculants.
  • Low methane animal genetics.
  • Methane-reducing feed supplements.
  • Manure management.

The benefits of Carbon Farming include Carbon Sequestration, reduced erosion and soil loss, improved soil structure, increased soil fertility, reduced soil salinity, healthier soils, vegetation and animals, increased biodiversity, buffering against drought and greater water efficiency.

Meat and Livestock Australia (MLA) believes a zero carbon footprint nationally, which is considered by some the holy grail for the red meat industry — is possible by 2030.

 

 

Author Melissa

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